Josef Furttenbach. Mannhaffter Kunstspiegel

Published Sources

[Noble Mirror of Art], Augsburg, 1663. Translation by George Kernodle is published in The Renaissance Stage (ed. Barnard Hewitt)

  • Comments
    • Simple trap cover / elevator using ropes passing through holes and operated by windlass
    • Lightning created by throwing Greek pitch through a flame
    • The use of a thunder run
    • Wind created by swinging a thin board on a cord
    • Night created by moving covers over the lights
    • Rain (perfumed water) and hail (sugar balls) dripped or dropped on the audience
    • Fiery bush created by opening an umbrella painted with flame
    • Oil lamps
  • Drawings
    • First Ground Plan: Stage and Auditorium [double periactoi in "closed" position]
    • Second Ground Plan: Stage and Auditorium [double periactoi in "open" position]
    • The First Scene [double periactoi in "closed" position]
    • The Second Scene [double periactoi in "open" position]
    • The First Cloud [suspended by winch]
    • The Second Cloud [lever]
    • The Third Cloud [swing]
    • The Glory Box
    • The Cover Of The Glory Box
    • The Completed Glory
    • Machines For Bringing Objects Up From The Ground As Well As For Letting Objects Down From The Sky [Jonah's Gourd Vine]
    • Four Different Methods of Lighting
    • Oil Lamps
    • Mica Reflector
    • The Leaning Light
    • The Standing Light Box
    • Four Machines For Various Waves
    • Still Waves
    • A Sliding Wave
    • Violent Waves
    • Upstanding Waves
    • How To Make A Whale
    • How To Make A Ship

the development of scenice spectacle


usittThis material is made possible, in part, by a grant from the New Initiatives Fund, United States Institute for Theatre Technology and by grants from the University Research Council, Cratis D. Williams Graduate School, Appalachian State University.


Dr. Frank Mohler
Department of Theatre & Dance
Appalachian State University
Boone, NC 28608

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